After being censored by Facebook...

As a parting shot to the night I wanted to highlight a film from the Prelinger Archive. Facebook felt it was too gory and blocked posting a link to it and killed the post entirely. The point of the post was to note that the film is horrible and is an example of why making educational films isn’t always the best use of a public agency’s budget. Signal 30 is a very heavy-handed piece produced for the Ohio State Highway Patrol that is just under half an hour of car crashes and destruction. It was produced in 1959. The guys from Rifftrax tried to riff it and only got a few minutes into it.

There is discussion lately of history being erased and people desiring to erase history. Things like this probably should not have been preserved yet Rick Prelinger got hold of it somehow. The Internet did not start the problem of inconvenient copies of inconvenient things lurking in unknown places. It merely accelerated access.

License: This work by Stephen Michael Kellat is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit
Catching Up The Research Logging

For quite some time I have been remiss in updating my Zotero database with items mined from the daily updates from arXiv. It takes a while to be able to look at the daily e-mails to see what is going on. Much of the research into COVID-19 is not actually of interest to me. The citations below show what is actually of interest to me presently although I have also included some additional citations from ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) at the US Department of Education.

Abdelzaher, Tarek, Heng Ji, Jinyang Li, Chaoqi Yang, John Dellaverson, Lixia Zhang, Chao Xu, and Boleslaw K. Szymanski. “The Paradox of Information Access: Growing Isolation in the Age of Sharing.” ArXiv:2004.01967 [Cs], April 4, 2020.

Arnold, Michael V., David Rushing Dewhurst, Thayer Alshaabi, Joshua R. Minot, Jane L. Adams, Christopher M. Danforth, and Peter Sheridan Dodds. “Hurricanes and Hashtags: Characterizing Online Collective Attention for Natural Disasters.” ArXiv:2003.14291 [Physics], March 31, 2020.

Arseniev-Koehler, Alina, and Jacob G. Foster. “Machine Learning as a Model for Cultural Learning: Teaching an Algorithm What It Means to Be Fat.” ArXiv:2003.12133 [Cs], March 23, 2020.

Banda, Juan M., Ramya Tekumalla, Guanyu Wang, Jingyuan Yu, Tuo Liu, Yuning Ding, and Gerardo Chowell. “A Large-Scale COVID-19 Twitter Chatter Dataset for Open Scientific Research — an International Collaboration.” ArXiv:2004.03688 [Cs], April 7, 2020.

Banerjee, Indushree, Martijn Warnier, Frances M. T. Brazier, and Dirk Helbing. “SOS — Self-Organization for Survival: Introducing Fairness in Emergency Communication to Save Lives.” ArXiv:2006.02825 [Cond-Mat, Physics:Nlin], June 4, 2020.

Bass, Eric, and David De Jong. “Computer Science Courses as a Graduation Requirement at the State and National Level: A Policy Brief.” International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation 15, no. 1 (2020): 126–33.

Boberg, Svenja, Thorsten Quandt, Tim Schatto-Eckrodt, and Lena Frischlich. “Pandemic Populism: Facebook Pages of Alternative News Media and the Corona Crisis — A Computational Content Analysis.” ArXiv:2004.02566 [Cs], April 9, 2020.

Bonifati, Angela, Giovanna Guerrini, Carsten Lutz, Wim Martens, Lara Mazilu, Norman Paton, Marcos Antonio Vaz Salles, Marc H. Scholl, and Yongluan Zhou. “Holding a Conference Online and Live Due to COVID-19.” ArXiv:2004.07668 [Cs], April 20, 2020.

Candela, Massimo, Valerio Luconi, and Alessio Vecchio. “Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Internet Latency: A Large-Scale Study.” ArXiv:2005.06127 [Cs], May 12, 2020.

Cao, Juan, Peng Qi, Qiang Sheng, Tianyun Yang, Junbo Guo, and Jintao Li. “Exploring the Role of Visual Content in Fake News Detection.” ArXiv:2003.05096 [Cs], March 10, 2020.

Chiang, Min-Hsun. “Exploring the Effects of Digital Storytelling: A Case Study of Adult L2 Writers in Taiwan.” IAFOR Journal of Education 8, no. 1 (2020): 65–82.

Garfinkel, Simson L., and J. Spencer Love. “A File System For Write-Once Media.” ArXiv:2004.00402 [Cs], March 30, 2020.

Garimella, Kiran, and Dean Eckles. “Images and Misinformation in Political Groups: Evidence from WhatsApp in India.” ArXiv:2005.09784 [Cs], May 19, 2020.

Ghodgaonkar, Isha, Abhinav Goel, Fischer Bordwell, Caleb Tung, Sara Aghajanzadeh, Noah Curran, Ryan Chen, et al. “Observing Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic Using Worldwide Network Cameras.” ArXiv:2005.09091 [Cs], May 18, 2020.

Giunchiglia, Fausto, Mattia Zeni, Elisa Gobbi, Enrico Bignotti, and Ivano Bison. “Mobile Social Media Usage and Academic Performance.” Computers in Human Behavior 82 (May 2018): 177–85.

Goldstein, Ira. “What! No GUI? — Teaching a Text Based Command Line Oriented Introduction to Computer Science Course.” Information Systems Education Journal 17, no. 1 (February 2019): 40–48.

Gozzi, Nicolò, Michele Tizzani, Michele Starnini, Fabio Ciulla, Daniela Paolotti, André Panisson, and Nicola Perra. “Collective Response to the Media Coverage of COVID-19 Pandemic on Reddit and Wikipedia.” ArXiv:2006.06446 [Physics], June 8, 2020.

Guarino, Stefano, Noemi Trino, Alessandro Celestini, Alessandro Chessa, and Gianni Riotta. “Characterizing Networks of Propaganda on Twitter: A Case Study.” ArXiv:2005.10004 [Cs], May 20, 2020.

Hembrough, Tara, and Jerrica Jordan. “Creating a Digital Writing Classroom: A Mixed Methods Study about a First-Year Composition Tablet Initiative.” International Journal of Instruction 13, no. 2 (April 2020): 567–86.

Hill, Richard. “Blended Learning Content Generation: A Guide for Busy Academics.” ArXiv:2006.03730 [Cs], June 5, 2020.

Huang, Binxuan, and Kathleen M. Carley. “Disinformation and Misinformation on Twitter during the Novel Coronavirus Outbreak.” ArXiv:2006.04278 [Cs], June 7, 2020.

Hürriyetoğlu, Ali, Vanni Zavarella, Hristo Tanev, Erdem Yörük, Ali Safaya, and Osman Mutlu. “Automated Extraction of Socio-Political Events from News (AESPEN): Workshop and Shared Task Report.” ArXiv:2005.06070 [Cs], May 12, 2020.

Juul, Jonas S., Laura Alessandretti, Jesper Dammeyer, Ingo Zettler, Sune Lehmann, and Joachim Mathiesen. “Gender-Specific Behavior Change Following Terror Attacks.” ArXiv:2004.02957 [Physics], April 6, 2020.

Kallberg, Jan, and Stephen S. Hamilton. “Resiliency by Retrograded Communication- The Revival of Shortwave as a Military Communication Channel.” ArXiv:2006.06148 [Cs], June 10, 2020.

Kolluri, Suneal, Neil Jacobson, Tattiya Maruco, and Zoë Corwin. “The Curious Role of Teachers in College Guidance: Are Teachers Institutional Agents of College Access?” Journal of School Counseling 18, no. 5 (2020).

Leng, Yan, Yujia Zhai, Shaojing Sun, Yifei Wu, Jordan Selzer, Sharon Strover, Julia Fensel, Alex Pentland, and Ying Ding. “Analysis of Misinformation during the COVID-19 Outbreak in China: Cultural, Social and Political Entanglements.” ArXiv:2005.10414 [Cs], May 20, 2020.

León-Pérez, Francisco, María-Carmen Bas, and Alexandro Escudero-Nahón. “Self-Perception about Emerging Digital Skills in Higher Education Students.” Comunicar: Media Education Research Journal 28, no. 62 (2020): 89–98.

Marquardson, Jim, and Ahmed Elnoshokaty. “Skills, Certifications, or Degrees: What Companies Demand for Entry-Level Cybersecurity Jobs.” Information Systems Education Journal 18, no. 1 (February 2020): 22–28.

Mourad, Azzam, Ali Srour, Haidar Harmanani, Cathia Jenainatiy, and Mohamad Arafeh. “Critical Impact of Social Networks Infodemic on Defeating Coronavirus COVID-19 Pandemic: Twitter-Based Study and Research Directions.” ArXiv:2005.08820 [Cs], May 18, 2020.

Mulenga, Eddie M., and José M. Marbán. “Is COVID-19 the Gateway for Digital Learning in Mathematics Education?” Contemporary Educational Technology 12, no. 2 (2020).

Ounoughi, Chahinez. “Quantification of the Propagation of Rumors on Social Media.” ArXiv:2004.01705 [Cs], April 6, 2020.

Özüdogru, Gül, and Hasan Çakir. “An Investigation into the Opinions of Pre-Service Teachers toward Uses of Digital Storytelling in Literacy Education.” Participatory Educational Research 7, no. 1 (March 2020): 242–56.

Pei, Xin, and Deval Mehta. “#Coronavirus or #Chinesevirus?!: Understanding the Negative Sentiment Reflected in Tweets with Racist Hashtags across the Development of COVID-19.” ArXiv:2005.08224 [Cs], May 17, 2020.

Peixoto, Maria Joelma, Paulo A. S. Duarte, Pedro T. Araújo, Pedro I. C. Pinto, Wellington W. F. Sarmento, Fernando A. M. Trinta, and Windson Viana. “Teaching Ubiquitous Computing Using Simulations Based on Smartphone Sensors.” Informatics in Education 19, no. 1 (2020): 129–57.

Rahman, Mohammad Rajiur, Jaspal Subhlok, and Shishir Shah. “Visual Summarization of Lecture Video Segments for Enhanced Navigation.” ArXiv:2006.02434 [Cs], June 3, 2020.

Rajabi, Amirarsalan, Seyyedmilad Talebzadehhosseini, and Ivan Garibay. “Resistance of Communities against Disinformation.” ArXiv:2004.00379 [Cs], March 28, 2020.

Rajput, Nikhil Kumar, Bhavya Ahuja Grover, and Vipin Kumar Rathi. “Word Frequency and Sentiment Analysis of Twitter Messages during Coronavirus Pandemic.” ArXiv:2004.03925 [Cs], April 8, 2020.

Reis, Julio C. S., Philipe de Freitas Melo, Kiran Garimella, and Fabrício Benevenuto. “Detecting Misinformation on WhatsApp without Breaking Encryption.” ArXiv:2006.02471 [Cs], June 3, 2020.

Renaud, Karen, Paul van Schaik, Alastair Irons, and Sara Wilford. “2020 UK Lockdown Cyber Narratives: The Secure, the Insecure and the Worrying.” ArXiv:2006.06340 [Cs], June 11, 2020.

Ribeiro, Filipe N., Fabrício Benevenuto, and Emilio Zagheni. “How Biased Is the Population of Facebook Users? Comparing the Demographics of Facebook Users with Census Data to Generate Correction Factors.” ArXiv:2005.08065 [Cs], May 16, 2020.

Ribeiro, Manoel Horta, Kristina Gligorić, Maxime Peyrard, Florian Lemmerich, Markus Strohmaier, and Robert West. “Sudden Attention Shifts on Wikipedia Following COVID-19 Mobility Restrictions.” ArXiv:2005.08505 [Cs], May 19, 2020.

Robinson-Garcia, Nicolas, Rodrigo Costas, and Thed N. van Leeuwen. “Open Access Uptake by Universities Worldwide.” ArXiv:2003.12273 [Cs], March 17, 2020.

Rosen, David J. “Assessing and Teaching Adult Learners’ Basic and Advanced 21st Century Digital Literacy Skills.” Adult Literacy Education 2, no. 1 (2020): 73–75.

Schild, Leonard, Chen Ling, Jeremy Blackburn, Gianluca Stringhini, Yang Zhang, and Savvas Zannettou. “‘Go Eat a Bat, Chang!’: An Early Look on the Emergence of Sinophobic Behavior on Web Communities in the Face of COVID-19.” ArXiv:2004.04046 [Cs], April 8, 2020.

Sharma, Karishma, Sungyong Seo, Chuizheng Meng, Sirisha Rambhatla, and Yan Liu. “COVID-19 on Social Media: Analyzing Misinformation in Twitter Conversations.” ArXiv:2003.12309 [Cs], May 8, 2020.

Shoghri, Ahmad El, Jessica Liebig, Lauren Gardner, Raja Jurdak, and Salil Kanhere. “How Mobility Patterns Drive Disease Spread: A Case Study Using Public Transit Passenger Card Travel Data.” 2019 IEEE 20th International Symposium on “A World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks” (WoWMoM), June 2019, 1–6.

Singh, Lisa, Shweta Bansal, Leticia Bode, Ceren Budak, Guangqing Chi, Kornraphop Kawintiranon, Colton Padden, Rebecca Vanarsdall, Emily Vraga, and Yanchen Wang. “A First Look at COVID-19 Information and Misinformation Sharing on Twitter.” ArXiv:2003.13907 [Cs], March 30, 2020.

Sivrikaya, Mehmet Haluk. “An Analysis on Digital Literacy Level of Faculty of Sports Science Students.” Asian Journal of Education and Training 6, no. 2 (2020): 117–21.

Skotiniotis, Michalis, and Andreas Winter. “Quantum Godwin’s Law.” ArXiv:2003.13715 [Quant-Ph], March 30, 2020.

Strada, Matteo. “UAVs as Mobile Base Station.” ArXiv:2005.06523 [Cs, Eess], May 13, 2020.

Suzumura, Toyotaro, Hiroki Kanezashi, Mishal Dholakia, Euma Ishii, Sergio Alvarez Napagao, Raquel Pérez-Arnal, and Dario Garcia-Gasulla. “The Impact of COVID-19 on Flight Networks.” ArXiv:2006.02950 [Physics], June 4, 2020.

Tavakoli, Mohammadreza, Sherzod Hakimov, Ralph Ewerth, and Gábor Kismihók. “A Recommender System For Open Educational Videos Based On Skill Requirements.” ArXiv:2005.10595 [Cs], May 21, 2020.

Thelwall, Mike, and Saheeda Thelwall. “Retweeting for COVID-19: Consensus Building, Information Sharing, Dissent, and Lockdown Life.” ArXiv:2004.02793 [Cs], May 4, 2020.

Tolosana, Ruben, Sergio Romero-Tapiador, Julian Fierrez, and Ruben Vera-Rodriguez. “DeepFakes Evolution: Analysis of Facial Regions and Fake Detection Performance.” ArXiv:2004.07532 [Cs], April 16, 2020.

Trujillo, Milo, Maurício Gruppi, Cody Buntain, and Benjamin D. Horne. “What Is BitChute? Characterizing the ‘Free Speech’ Alternative to YouTube.” ArXiv:2004.01984 [Cs], May 29, 2020.

Washington, Lukishia Denise, Glenn Richard Penny, and Don Jones. “Perceptions of Community College Students and Instructors on Traditional and Technology-Based Learning in a Hybrid Learning Environment.” Journal of Instructional Pedagogies 23 (January 2020).

Wazir, Saad, Ataul Aziz Ikram, Hamza Ali Imran, Hanif Ullah, Ahmed Jamal Ikram, and Maryam Ehsan. “Performance Comparison of MPICH and MPI4py on Raspberry Pi-3B Beowulf Cluster.” ArXiv:1911.03709 [Cs], November 9, 2019.

Zannettou, Savvas, Mai ElSherief, Elizabeth Belding, Shirin Nilizadeh, and Gianluca Stringhini. “Measuring and Characterizing Hate Speech on News Websites.” ArXiv:2005.07926 [Cs], May 16, 2020.

Zong, Shi, Ashutosh Baheti, Wei Xu, and Alan Ritter. “Extracting COVID-19 Events from Twitter.” ArXiv:2006.02567 [Cs], June 3, 2020.

Then Came The Bang...

As if I did not have enough to worry about the power went out earlier today. I was sitting in my home office using the refurb Dell desktop that has some minor upgrades bearing the hostname HOLLYWOOD. There was this big bang outside. The lights went out and the UPS units started their ritual screaming. Mere seconds later the power was back on.

There was only one UPS unit in the office and I had the two Raspberry Pi units on the power/surge side while the desktop was on the surge-only side. I had to get the smaller UPS out of my bedroom and move it into the office too and rewire things so that the computer had emergency power too. Currently it is protected too.

You might be wondering why all of a sudden there is a desktop computer in my home office. Well, my laptop died. It was only three years old and had seen plenty of travel, wear, and tear. This computer was the audiovisual production computer when we had our production workspace outside of home. That workspace is no longer available to us so my desktop computer has IEEE1394 ports that didn’t come with the model, a set of memory card slots for most types of memory cards out there sitting in a 3.5 inch front bay, a DVD-RAM drive that is an upgrade from factory specifications, and a few other bits that make it not your average desktop computer.

Since I have regular telehealth appointments I found the Logitech C210 webcam that has been in equiment storage and hooked it up. I’ll get an appropriate headset hooked up in due time. I am not going to attempt telehealth on a cell phone.

Summer officially begins this weekend. Typically we have a minimum of one major multi-hour to multi-day electrical outage during the summer. With the possibility of Lockdown 2.0 lurking in the shadows preparing for a difficult period is certainly in order. Even if we are incident free relative to electrical service during the summer 2020 has had plenty of surprises in store.

Besides, what will we do when the flying saucers touch down on the White House lawn?

License: This work by Stephen Michael Kellat is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit
Adapting To Circumstances

I have written prior that I wound up getting a new laptop. Due to the terms of getting the laptop I ended up paying not just for a license for Windows 10 Professional but also for Microsoft Office. As you might imagine I am not about to burn that much money at the moment. With the advent of the Windows Subsystem for Linux I am trying to work through using it to handle my Linux needs at the moment.

Besides, I did not realize OpenSSH was available as an optional feature for Windows 10 as well. That makes handling the herd of Raspberry Pi boards a bit easier. Having the WSL2 window open doing one thing and a PowerShell window open running OpenSSH makes life simple. PowerShell running OpenSSH is a bit easier to use compared to PuTTY so far.

The Ubuntu Wiki mentions that you can run graphical applications using Windows Subsystem for Linux. The directions appear to work for most people. On my laptop, though, they most certainly did not work.

After review the directions were based on discussion in a bug on Github where somebody came up with a clever regex. The problem is that kludge only works if your machine acts as its own nameserver. When I followed the instructions as written my WSL2 installation of 20.04 dutifully tried to open an X11 session on the machine where I said the display was.

Unfortunately that regex took a look at what it found on my machine and said that the display happened to be on my ISP’s nameserver. X11 is a network protocol where you can run a program on one computer and have it paint the screen on another computer though that’s not really a contemporary usage. Thin clients like actual physical X Terminals from a company like Wyse would fit that paradigm, though.

After a wee bit of frustration where I was initially not seeing the problem I had found it there. Considering how strangely my ISP has been acting lately I most certainly do not want to try to run my own nameserver locally. Weirdness by my ISP is a matter for separate discussion, alas.

I inserted the following into my .bashrc to get the X server working:

export DISPLAY=$(landscape-sysinfo --sysinfo-plugins=Network | grep IPv4 | perl -pe 's/ IPv4 address for wifi0: //'):0

Considering that my laptop normally connects to the Internet via Wi-Fi I used the same landscape tool that the message of the day updater uses to grab what my IP happens to be. Getting my IPv4 address is sufficient for now. With usage of grep and a Perl one-liner I get my address in a usable form to point my X server the right way.

Elegant? Not really. Does it get the job done? Yes. I recognize that it will need adjusting but I will cross that bridge when I approach it.

Since the original bug thread on Github is a bit buried the best thing I can do is to share this and to mention the page being on the wiki at WSL2 will be growing and evolving. I suspect this minor matter of graphical applications will be part of that evolution.

Staring Down Lockdown Mark Two

I was expecting to have a bit more time than this to get ready. According to a transcript of today’s unexpected press conference by Ohio Governor Mike DeWine found here, Governor DeWine apparently has a set of metrics he and his team are watching relative to having to reimpose lockdown measures. Apparently we will find out on Thursday what the lockdown reimposition metrics thresholds will look like.

Coronavirus cases are spiking badly in Cuyahoga, Hamilton, and Montgomery counties. That is to say things are looking dire in metro Cincinnati and in Cleveland as well as its immediate suburbs. The increase in hospital and ICU admissions across Ohio are not pleasing the Governor either.

There are still preparatory actions to complete on my part. I need to get an antenna preamp yet to mount on the television mast. A couple more uninterruptible power supplies would be helpful. I need to get the front porch fixed. Some camera and camcorder items need to be replaced and replenished.

On the wish list is seeing about rigging up independent C-band/Ku-band reception capability. At a minimum there has to be reception capability in position for receiving NASA TV without requiring Internet access or a paid service. That there is a horrible thought percolating about using that in conjunction with mesh networking and other commodity hardware to try to build a limited digital community IPTV is left for another time. I still haven’t figured that out yet and I do think most of whta I’m looking at is proprietary.

We shall see what erupts? I do not want to be caught in a fast-moving shutdown like we saw happen in mid-March. That was bad…